Types Of Wines & Grapes

Find out about the most loved grapes and wine combinations in the world. Everything, from Merlot to Malbec and everywhere in between! Our short guides cover everything you need about any wine you are interested in.

  • Barbera is an everyday wine made from grapes from the Piedmont region of Italy. It has a high level of acidity and low tannins.
  • Beaujolais is a region well-known for its Gamay.
  • Burgundy is a wine region in eastern France that produces some of the most expensive and sought-after wines in the world. Its red wines are mostly made of Pinot Noir, while its whites are made mainly from Chardonnay.
  • Carmenere– Once mistakenly called Merlot, the Carmenere grape is now most often grown in Chile. It makes fruit wines that have a distinctive green bell pepper taste.
  • Chianti is a world-famous Italian wine region located between the Tuscan provinces of Siena and Florence. This winery specializes in red wines made with the Sangiovese grape.
  • Grenache, The star of wines from Chateauneuf-du-Pape’s historic appellation Chateauneuf-du-Pape, is Grenache. It shines in France’s Rhone valley, where it is mainly blended with Syrah, Mourvedre, and Mourvedre. It is also grown in Spain, where it is known as “Garnacha”.
  • Moscato is a sweet wine made from the Muscat grape. This sparkling wine is most commonly associated with Moscato d’Asti in Piemont, Italy.
  • Petite Sirah, Not to be confused with Syrah/Shiraz. Petite Sirah is a full-bodied wine with high alcohol and tannins.
  • Riesling is an aromatic German grape that can be vinified in many styles, from sweet to dry. Riesling can be aged for many years and is often grown in New York’s Finger Lakes region as well as in France’s Alsace.
  • Sauvignon Blanc is a refreshing, high-acidic white grape that can be found all over the globe. France’s Loire Valley is home to the most well-known expressions, while New Zealand’s Marlborough wine area is home to some of the most renowned.
  • Blaufrankisch– A top Austrian variety, Blaufrankisch can be substituted for Pinot Noir. It is medium-bodied with red berry flavors and a hint of spice.
  • Cabernet Franc is a red grape that’s commonly grown in the Loire Valley and in Bordeaux. It’s blended with Cabernet Sauvignon or Merlot. You can often recognize the grape by its distinctive bell pepper flavors.
  • Chardonnay is responsible for some of the most complex white wines in the world, especially in Burgundy. It is also known as white Burgundy. It is also used in Champagne production along with Pinot Noir and Pinot Meunier.
  • Gamay, The star variety of France’s Beaujolais, is Gamay. It produces light-bodied, fruity wines that are low in tannins. The region’s 10 Crus are where the best varieties of the grape can be found.
  • Gruner Veltliner is Austria’s most famous white grape. Gruner Veltliner, which is noted for its distinctive herbal notes, is an excellent accompaniment to hard-to-pair items like white asparagus.
  • Malbec– Malbec was initially used in Bordeaux to blend grapes. However, it is now more closely associated with Mendoza (Argentina). This grape produces wines that are approachable and have a lot of dark fruit, vanilla, cocoa, and other flavors.
  • Pinot Grigio / Gris – Also known as Pinot Grigio (in Italy) and Pinot Gris (in France), this white grape produces refreshing, fruit-driven wines with high acidity.
  • Rose Wine – This wine is made by soaking red grapes in water for a shorter time than red wines. It should not last more than two to three days. The color of rose wines ranges from pale salmon to deep pink. This wine is a summer staple and a great food wine.
  • Zinfandel – Both red and white – Although originally from Croatia, Zinfandel can be found in California. It has intense flavors, high alcohol, and a rich flavor. White Zinfandel is also made from sweet rose wine, which was a popular choice in the 1970s.
  • Bordeaux– Bordeaux is one of the most highly regarded wine regions in the globe. It produces Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot blends, as well as sweet wines from Semillon, Sauvignon Blanc, and Muscadelle. The Left Bank, Right Bank, and Entre-Deux-Mers are the three regions.
  • Barolo is a wine made from the Nebbiolo grape found in northern Italy’s Piedmont. It is commonly known as the King of Wine. Barolo wines can be paired with various food, including meat, pasta, and seafood. They are full-bodied and complex and have high acidity and tannins.
  • Cabernet Sauvignon – Cabernet Sauvignon is a red wine that can be cultivated all over the globe. It produces rich, tannic wines with great aging potential. The Left Bank of Bordeaux and California’s Napa Valley are the best places to find the finest examples of this grape.
  • Chenin Blanc Chenin Blanc, also known as Steen, is South Africa’s most famous white variety. It is also grown in France’s Loire Valley. Chenin Blanc’s high acidity allows for a wide variety of wines, including sweet, dry, semi-sweet, and sparkling.
  • Gewurztraminer is one of four “nobles” grapes from France’s Alsace region. It has a high aroma and notes of roses and lychee. This wine is often made in an off-dry style which makes it an excellent pairing for spicy food.
  • Nebbiolo is the star grape of Italy’s Piedmont. Nebbiolo can be found in Barolo or Barbaresco. Both red wines are robust and can be aged for many decades.
  • Pinot Noir is a fickle, thin-skinned grape that’s best known for its use in red Burgundy wine. Wine enthusiasts love it for its complex, delicate, and nuanced wines.
  • Rioja – An emblematic region in Spain, Rioja is well-known for its Tempranillo-driven red wines. White Rioja wines blend Malvasia, Viura, and a few other white varieties.
  • Sparkling Wines: Made by fermenting a still wine for a second fermentation, sparkling wines can be made in a variety of sweetnesses, including extra-brut and demi-sec.
  • Sauternes is a rich dessert wine made from Semillon, Sauvignon Blanc and Muscadelle grapes. Sauternes wines are made from noble rot, which is a beneficial fungus.
  • Vino Nobile de Montepulciano This red wine, named after Montepulciano in Tuscany, is primarily made from Sangiovese grapes. These grapes are also known as Prugnolo. These wines are great with many foods, thanks to their light tannins and bright acidity.

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